Lenin believed that the workers and peasants alliance was the absolute necessary prerequisite for the success of the socialist and communist construction. This alliance was the foundation of the dictatorship of the proletariat. The Communist Party of China also endorsed this concept.
The people's democratic dictatorship is based on the alliance of the working class, the peasantry and the urban petty bourgeoisie, but mainly on the alliance of the workers and the peasants, because these two classes comprise 80 to 90% of China's population. These two classes are the main force in overthrowing imperialism and the Kuomintang reactionaries. (Mao Zedong)